The existing labour law clearly defines what kind of penalties employers are allowed to apply to their employees. The employer may only impose financial or disciplinary sanctions in cases set out by the Labour Code of the Russian Federation (Article 137). In such cases it is lawful for an employer to deduct certain amounts from an employee’s salary.
Management of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE management) is gaining more and more importance all over the world. Although Russia tends to lag behind the EU in implementing environmental and waste management regulations, it has recently introduced the concept of extended producer responsibility (EPR) that imposed WEEE management obligations on manufacturers and importers of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE).
The revised Ukrainian Technical Regulation on the restriction of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment enters into force on 22 September 2017. It is therefore important for all EEE manufacturers and importers to ensure that they are fully ready to comply with the new requirements imposed by the "Ukrainian RoHS". The revised Ukrainian RoHS was developed in line with the EU RoHS recast provisions subject to certain deviations.
Product manufacturers, manufacturer representatives and importers may use the Methodical Recommendations adopted by the Federal Agency of Technical Regulation and Metrology (RosStandart) in order to determine how and in which cases they have to notify the market surveillance authorities about non-compliant products they placed on the market.
The recent amendments to the Labour Code concerning the application of professional standards by employers have resulted in country-wide discussions on whether the application of professional standards and professional re-training of occupational health and safety (OHS) specialists is mandatory for employers. The Labour Code provisions have failed to provide a clear and unambiguous answer to this question.
In Russia, all organisations and facilities are required to have a first aid kit (Article 223 of the Labour code). What any first-aid kit is must contain, is regulated by Order No. 169n of 5 March 2011.
The requirements set out by this Order apply to the majority of employers. However, if a facility performs activities posing additional or specific professional risks, such facilities are required to supplement their first-aid kits with additional preparations that may be required in order to neutralize a specific harmful or hazardous agent.
In order to assess conformity of a product with the applicable safety requirements of a technical regulation, the manufacturer or supplier of a product may be required (depending on the type of product) to either draw up a declaration of conformity (DoC) or to undergo product certification procedure.
In Russia, every employer is required to regularly (at least once every five years) perform a compulsory workplace risk assessment. This is called a Special Evaluation of Working Conditions (the SOUT) procedure. The SOUT must be performed for each workplace operated by the employer (including workplaces where purely administrative or office tasks are being performed).l