Health and Safety management
The existing labour law clearly defines what kind of penalties employers are allowed to apply to their employees. The employer may only impose financial or disciplinary sanctions in cases set out by the Labour Code of the Russian Federation (Article 137). In such cases it is lawful for an employer to deduct certain amounts from an employee’s salary.
As of 29 August 2017, senior managers and heads of major hazard facilities will take the required occupational health and safety and industrial safety examination in accordance with the adopted regulation. The regulation imposes obligations on the state agencies that conduct the examinations. The examination is to be conducted by the Committee of Industrial Development and Industrial Safety (of the Ministry of Investments and Development) of Kazakhstan.
When the Rules enter into force, all employers will be required to follow them when developing their internal occupational health and safety instructions. The Rules were adopted by Order No. 526 of 30 March 2017 and will enter into force from the date of their official publication. As at 21 August 2017, the Order has not been officially published.
Published indexes for the calculation of discounts and surcharges for premiums payable for social insurance against occupational accidents and diseases for 2018
Indexes are set for each type of economic activity (over 1000 classes of economic activity altogether) and are to be used for the calculation of premiums payable in relation to occupational accidents and illnesses insurance.
As of 1 October 2017, all fire safety and environmental state inspectors are required to use special checklists in order to perform a scheduled inspection of an organization.
The checklists will contain questions that the inspectors are to ask the organisations in order to check compliance with environmental or fire safety regulations.
The adopted Decree lists medical conditions that would disqualify a person from working marine, inland and mixed (river-sea) vessels. The list includes over 100 medical conditions, such as eyesight lower than 0,5 in either eye, stuttering, heart implants or transplants, glaucoma, certain lung diseases, etc.
As of 24 December 2017, organisations performing road transportation by vehicles or by overground electrical transport vehicles are required to organize pre-route inspections of vehicles they operate. The purpose of pre-route inspections is to exclude the possibility of a faulty vehicle being allowed on the road.
The Ministry of Occupation and Employment Relations is planning to implement ten ILO Conventions and to generally revise the national occupational safety legislation.
Plan of Comprehensive Measures aimed at improving the efficiency of state labour protection bodies provides for the possible implementation of certain ILO Conventions and for the revision of labour safety legislation.