Waste management/ waste generation
As of 1 January 2018 organisations generating certain types of wastes or those operating landfill sites will not be allowed to submit such wastes for landfill or to landfill them. The banned types of wastes contain useful components that must be utilized.
As of 1 January 2018, it will be prohibited to landfill 67 types of wastes, as of 1 January 2019- 109 types and as of 1 January 2021 – 182 types of wastes.
The proposed draft Decree would add several types of products and packaging to the list of products and packaging subject to the extended producer responsibility (EPR). In particular, draft Decree would add the following types of products and packaging to the list:
On 24 April 2017, public discussion has started on the draft Order introducing model training program for the additional occupational training of personnel admitted to collection, processing, utilization and disposal of class I-IV wastes (hazardous waste management training program). Public discussion is to be completed on 8 May 2017.
Manufacturers and importers of packaging would be required to participate in the newly introduced deposit system. In order to participate in the deposit system, they would be required to mark packaging containers with special deposit labels. These deposit labels are to indicate that consumers may return the packaging to a particular collection point for used packaging and immediately receive reimbursement for each unit of returned packaging.
Russia has started public discussions on the proposed amendments relating to the extended producer responsibility concept (the EPR). The EPR requires manufacturers and importers of listed products to either organize utilization of such products (including packaging) or to pay environmental charges for the utilization.
The letter issued by the Russian environmental authority (RosPrirodNadzor) explains the difference between waste “utilization” and waste “neutralization”. It also explains why product manufacturers and importers will not fulfil their extended producer responsibility obligations via waste neutralization (as opposed to waste utilization).