As of 1 November 2017, light industry facilities are required to comply with the adopted occupational safety rules. The Rules apply to works and processes involving finishing works for fabrics and knitwear, production of non-woven materials, spinning, production of textiles and clothing, processing of leather raw materials, works involving leather tanning and finishing, fur dyeing and processing, production of clothing, footwear and other leather and fur products.
Draft regulation on medical examination of employees is being discussed. However, most organisations which this regulation would impact, if adopted, do not support the proposal. The Russian Industry and Entrepreneurs Union (RSPP) has shown a negative reaction on the proposed expansion of categories of professions and workplaces with exposure to harmful or hazardous working conditions.
The draft revised medical surveillance procedure for workers is to be adopted in the near future. The public discussion of the revised draft procedure has just been completed and the draft procedure is undergoing the procedure of regulatory impact evaluation. The probability that the current draft of the procedure is around 65%.
What would change if the revised procedure is adopted?
In Russia, all organisations and facilities are required to have a first aid kit (Article 223 of the Labour code). What any first-aid kit is must contain, is regulated by Order No. 169n of 5 March 2011.
The requirements set out by this Order apply to the majority of employers. However, if a facility performs activities posing additional or specific professional risks, such facilities are required to supplement their first-aid kits with additional preparations that may be required in order to neutralize a specific harmful or hazardous agent.
What will be checked during a state labour safety inspection?
The list includes bacteria (including rickettsia and chlamydia), viruses, prions, fungi, protozoa and poisons (toxins), with the specification of their relevant risk group. Works with conditionally-pathogenic microorganisms and pathogenic biological agents may only be performed pursuant to a licence issued by the Ministry of Healthcare of Belarus. Works with pathogenic biological agents belonging to risk groups 3 or 4 (high and very high risk) may only be performed by state organisations.
The Draft Law on Chemical Safety was proposed by the Ministry of Healthcare of Russia. The draft law aims to create a consolidated legal framework in the area of chemical safety.
The draft proposes to introduce a number of new definitions, such as “hazardous chemical factor”, “chemical threat”, “acceptable chemical risk”, “chemical safety”, “hazardous chemical substance”, “hazardous persistent chemical compounds”, etc.
As of 24 December 2016, the revised edition of the Law on Labour Protection entered into force. The new edition introduces the new concept of “occupational safety audit”.
The revised version also explicitly permits to contract external OHS professionals to perform the functions of the OHS service at an organization with 50 or more employees.