Federal Consumer Protection and Public Welfare Service (RosPotrebNadzor) has published recommendations for assigning a particular organisation or facility to a certain risk category, depending on the risk such an organisation or facility poses to the public health.
Risk criteria take into consideration the potential negative impact resulting from possible non-compliance of any facility with the applicable sanitary and public health protection requirements. For example, the risk is determined by assessing the probability and extent of health damage and the number of potentially affected persons.
The recommendations also provide calculation formulae, including the formula that is to be used to calculate the potential risk of causing a harm.
Competent authorities are to assign all facilities and organisations that are subject to the state sanitary supervision (i.e. those presenting potential risk to public health) to a particular risk category. The purpose of such an assignment is, among other things, to determine the frequency of state inspections a particular facility is to be subject to.
Facilities that will be assigned a sanitary risk category include healthcare organisations, organisations performing waste management operations, hotels, providers of water supply and discharge network services, educational organisations, pharmaceutical organisations, food manufacturing facilities, etc.
There are six risk categories. Depending on the risk category, a facility is to be inspected with the following frequency:
- Extremely high risk – once a year;
- High risk – once every two years;
- Substantial risk – once every three years;
- Medium risk – no more often than once every four years; and
- Moderate risk – no more often than once every six years.
Facilities with a low risk will not be subject to scheduled inspections.
Law: MR 5.1.0116-17. 5.1. Classification of organisations, types of activity and objects of supervision depending on the potential risk to public health for the purposes of organising scheduled inspections of such organisations, adopted 11 August 2017