Waste management/ waste generation
Management of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE management) is gaining more and more importance all over the world. Although Russia tends to lag behind the EU in implementing environmental and waste management regulations, it has recently introduced the concept of extended producer responsibility (EPR) that imposed WEEE management obligations on manufacturers and importers of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE).
Draft amendment to Federal Law on Industrial and Consumer Wastes and to some other regulatory instruments aims to exempt organisations that dispose of (neutralize, landfill or recycle) wastes at their own waste disposal facilities from having to contract an external waste disposal operator. In order to be able to qualify for this exemption, the organization would have to submit documentary evidence that it has the possibility to neutralize, landfill and/or recycle solid municipal wastes at its own facilities.
The Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology has submitted a proposal that would impose liability on associations of manufacturers and importers to report on the fulfilment of recycling targets within concept of extended producer responsibility (EPR). Currently, only importers and manufacturers of products subject to EPR are required to submit such reports.
All organisations that perform “waste management activities” in Russia involving industrial and consumer wastes, are required to use a revised statistical reporting form for the period starting from 1 January 2017.
“Waste management activities” include collection, accumulation, transportation, processing, utilisation, neutralisation and disposal of wastes.
As of 1 January 2018 organisations generating certain types of wastes or those operating landfill sites will not be allowed to submit such wastes for landfill or to landfill them. The banned types of wastes contain useful components that must be utilized.
As of 1 January 2018, it will be prohibited to landfill 67 types of wastes, as of 1 January 2019- 109 types and as of 1 January 2021 – 182 types of wastes.
The proposed draft Decree would add several types of products and packaging to the list of products and packaging subject to the extended producer responsibility (EPR). In particular, draft Decree would add the following types of products and packaging to the list: